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A letter to Canada’s Chief Electoral Officer from 352 scientists

Stéphane Perrault, Canada's Chief Electoral Officer. Photo: Elections Canada

Hundreds of Canadian scientists sent a letter this morning (August 22, 2019) to Stéphane Perrault, the Chief Electoral Officer, urging Elections Canada to clarify how the science on climate change can be communicated during the election period. 

The 352 Canadian scientists who signed the letter take issue with Elections Canada’s interpretation of the Elections Act that paid advertising that communicates facts about climate change would require organizations and individuals to register as a third party.  Here’s their letter, which was also copied to eight Members of Parliament and the leader of the Bloc Quebecois: 

Dear Stéphane Perrault,

Re: Communication of the scientific facts of climate change during elections

We as Canadian and Canada-based scientists and researchers would like to express our profound concern about the way that Elections Canada interprets the Elections Act for the communication of the science of climate change. According to your statement, newsmedia, and other informed sources, climate change may be interpreted as an “issue” during election periods. Charitable or non-profit organizations would need to register as third partiesif they wish to discuss climate change through paid advertising. The bureaucratic process of registering in order to share non-partisan science may stifle evidence-based discussion on climate change during both a crucial democratic process and a critical period for climate action. Together, these items set a chilling precedent for the discussion of science-based concerns. We are very alarmed by this situation.

Clarification of rules does not address the presentation of climate change as debatable

While you have clarified the Elections Canada rules, application of the rules in this case is still problematic. In your clarification, you highlight that the Elections Act does not “make a distinction between facts and opinion”. However, identifying climate change as an issue which could require registration under certain conditions does take a position on climate change. It presents climate change as something about which there is doubt. As this West Coast Environmental Law postdiscusses, Elections Canada does not enforce rules around registration on many other issues upon which there is scientific consensus (e.g. health impacts of tobacco). The scientific consensus on climate change is as absolute as it is for these other “issues”.

The scientific consensus on the existence of human-induced climate change is overwhelming

The global scientific community, as well as Canadianand other national governments, recognize that climate changeis driven by human activity. This is primarily due to greenhouse gas emissions from burning fossil fuels. It is an unprecedented challengeto humanity’s future. The existence of climate change and that it is caused by people isnot a matter of scientific debate.

Further, major legal rulings in Canada have affirmed the unambiguous reality of climate change. In 2019, the Ontario Court of Appealsfound that “There is no dispute that global climate change is taking place and that human activities are the primary cause.” Again in 2019, the Court of Appeal for Saskatchewanfound “The factual record presented to the Court confirms that climate change caused by anthropogenic greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions is one of the great existential issues of our time. The pressing importance of limiting such emissions is accepted by all of the participants in these proceedings.”

The weight of scientific evidence and consistent cross-party political support for major international climate efforts makes absolutely clear that the existence of climate change is not up for debate.

Climate change is impacting Canadians 

Climate change impacts are being felt worldwide. Warming in the Canadian North is around twice the global average. This rapid change is thawing permafrost and changing ice cover and seasonal patterns, disrupting communities and livelihoods. More extreme natural hazards such as life-threatening wildfires, floods, and droughts - consistent with scientific projections of climate impacts - are now a regular occurence. As one of the world’s largest per capita emitters of greenhouse gases, Canadians have an important role to play in addressing the causes and effects of climate change both at home and around the world.

Canadians deserve to know

The Canadian electorate deserve every opportunity to learn about climate change. It is already affecting lives and livelihoods. A recent Mainstreet pollrevealed that over 75% of Canadians recognize the overwhelming scientific consensus that human activities are causing climate change - and they want action. The charity and non-profit sector is a key translator of scientific knowledge and pathways to action, helping the public to ask informed questions of their candidates and parties.

We, the undersigned Canadian scientists and researchers, ask that Elections Canada recognize - along with the overwhelming majority of other countriesand global institutions- that human-caused climate change is a non-partisan phenomenon of deep relevance to voters in Canada. We appreciate the importance of the rules in the Elections Act but disagree with the way they are being interpreted in this instance. We ask Elections Canada to clarify their interpretation of issue-based advertising so that organizations and individuals in Canada can engage directly with Canadians on the existence of climate change without third party registration.

Yours sincerely,

Name                                                Affiliation/Position/Role         

Dr. Christopher Lyon            University of Leeds, UK       

Dr. Christina Hoicka            York University, Canada

Dr. Laura Tozer            Durham University, UK

Dr. Craig Johnson            University of Guelph, Canada

Dr. Marie Claire Brisbois        University of Sussex, UK
Ajay Sharma                University of Guelph, Canada

Madeline Cashion, M.Sc.        Hemmera

Dr. Michelle F. Bowman        Scientist, Forensecology       

Dr. Amanda Hooykaas        University of Guelph, Canada

Jennifer Laughton, M.Sc        University of Alberta, Canada   

Sheila Colla, PhD                             York University, Canada   

Professor Matthew Paterson        University of Manchester, UK

Dr. Iain Wallace            Carleton University, Ottawa

Dr. Emilie Champagne        Researcher

Pr. Darren O’Toole            University of Ottawa, Canada

ML McAllister, PhD                           University of Waterloo, Canada

Professor Matthew Hoffmann    University of Toronto, Canada

Dr. Faisal Moola, PhD        University of Guelph, Canada 

Dr. Philip Loring, PhD                      University of Guelph, Canada

Dr. Taylor Maavara            Yale University, USA                             

Dr. Julie MacArthur            University of Auckland, New Zealand

Professor Sarah Otto            University of British Columbia,    

Bensun C. Fong            University of Ottawa, Canada

Professeur Louis Simard                  Université d’Ottawa, Canada

Professor Ryan Katz-Rosene    University of Ottawa, Canada

Dr. Richard Schuster                           Carleton University, Canada        

Pierre Cloutier de Repentigny    University of Ottawa, Canada

Dr. Cameron Harrington        Durham University, UK

Andrew Sudmant             University of Leeds, UK                             

Dr. Kyle Siler                University of Sussex, UK

Dr. Derek Armitage            University of Waterloo, Canada

Dr. Evan Fraser            University of Guelph, Canada

Dr. Jennifer Hood            University of Waterloo, Canada

Alicia Entem, MSc.             Yale University, USA

Dr. Travis DeWolf            Applied Brain Research, Canada

Jennifer Marshman RN           Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada

Dr Kyla Tienhaara            Canada Research Chair in Economy and Environment, Queen's 

                    University, Canada

Dr. Thomas Homer-Dixon        University Research Chair, University of Waterloo, Canada

Dr. Sarah Wolfe            University of Waterloo, Canada

Dr. Marta Berbés-Blázquez        Arizona State University, USA

Professor Robert McLeman        Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada, Coordinating Lead Author, 

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, WGII, Chapter 7: Health, wellbeing & changing structure of communities

Dr. Justin Gaudon            University of Waterloo, Canada

Dr. John Stone            Carleton University, Canada

Ben Morcos, MASc.                       Applied Brain Research, Canada

James Siklos-Whillans               University of Waterloo, Canada

Dr. Randolph Haluza-DeLay               The King's University, Canada

Dr. Erin E. Rees                     Université de Montréal, Canada 

Dr. Larissa Naylor            University of Glasgow, UK

Joshua McEvoy            Queen’s University, Canada

Jim Woodgett                Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute, Canada
Dr. Karine Pigeon, PhD         Carleton University, Canada
Dr. Sonja Klinsky            Arizona State University, USA

Dr. Emma Hodgson            Simon Fraser University, Canada

Laura White, P.Eng            Nova Scotia Community College, Canada

Dr. Christopher Gore            Ryerson University, Canada
Dr. Stefan Renckens            University of Toronto, Canada
Dr. Leah Stokes            University of California Santa Barbara, USA
Lauren Harrison            University of Waterloo, Canada
Mackenzie Kinney            University of British Columbia, Canada
Dr. Jessica Green            University of Toronto, Canada

Dr. Leslie Anthony             Board of Directors, Canadian Herpetological Society

Sondra Eger, MSc.            University of Waterloo

Meghann Kerr, MES            Research Associate, Nova Scotia Community College 

Colleen Kaiser            PhD Candidate, York University, Canada

Lauren Smith, MES            University of Waterloo, Canada

Professor Garry Peterson        Stockholm University, Sweden
Dr. Julien Riel-Salvatore         Université de Montréal, Canada
Dr. Jennie McLaren            University of Texas at El Paso, USA
Dr. Edward Gregr            University of British Columbia, Canada
Dr. Jeff Lewis              Vancouver Island University, Canada
Dr. Tara Ivanochko            University of British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Zabrina Brumme            Simon Fraser University, Canada
Dr. Stephen Rader            University of Northern British Columbia, Canada
Dr. Alejandro Hernandez          Concordia University, Canada
Professor Michael Lambek, FRSC   University of Toronto, Canada
Kringen Henein, Ph.D.         Carleton University, Canada
Anne CS McIntosh, PhD        University of Alberta, Canada
Dr. William Tonn             University of Alberta, Canada
Dr. Shawn J. Leroux              Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada
Dr. Alejandro Frid            University of Victoria/Central Coast Indigenous Resource Alliance
Professor Shaun Lovejoy        McGill University, Canada
Eric A. Lehoux, Ph.D.            University of Ottawa, Canada
Alan G. Lewis, Emeritus Prof        University of British Columbia, Canada
Karen Messing, Ph.D.        Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada
Dr. Jayanne English            University of Manitoba, Canada
Professor Kai Chan            University of British Columbia, Canada
Scott Janzwood, MA            University of Waterloo, Canada
Joanne Fitzgibbons, MES        University of Waterloo, Canada
Melody Salehzadeh, BS        University of British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Terrence Bell            The Pennsylvania State University, USA
Dr. Edward Hudson              John Abbott College, Canada
Dr. Kristin Baetz PhD           University of Ottawa, Canada
Dr. Louis Gaudreau                         National Research Council Canada
David Mayhood, MSc            FWR Freshwater Research Limited
Dr. Filippo A. Salustri            Ryerson University, Canada
Dr. Garrett Richards             Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada
Professor Adam Monahan        University of Victoria, Canada
Dr. Sean Booth            University of Oxford, UK

Dr. Xander Wang            University of Prince Edward Island, Canada
Mumtaz A.Cheema, PhD        Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada

Dr. Paul Parker            University of Waterloo, Canada
Professor Alison Munson, PhD    Université Laval, Canada
Jean-Christophe Séguin, B. Sc.    Université Laval, Canada
Dr. Nathan Hayward           Geological Survey of Canada
Pascale Gibeau, M.Sc, R.P.Bio    Simon Fraser University, Canada
Dr. Aleeza Gerstein            University of Manitoba, Canada
Dr. Hughes Benoît            Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Canada

Dr. Robin Cameron            McMaster University, Canada
Prof. François Chapleau            University of Ottawa, Canada
Dr. Madhur Anand, Professor    University of Guelph, Canada

Dr. Gerda Kits                The King’s University, Canada

Brian Menounos, PhD, PGeo    University of Northern British Columbia, Canada

Professor Marc Roussel        University of Lethbridge, Canada

Connor Robinson            University of British Columbia, Canada
Raidin Brailsford, B.Sc.Hon        York University, Canada

Nicole Ritter, PhD                  York University, Canada
Alexander Bell-Moratto, MSc        University of Alberta, Canada

Dr. Michael Zryd            York University, Canada
A. John van Schouwen, MSc        Software Engineer, Ottawa, Canada

Prof. Peter Arcese            University of British Columbia, Canada

Dominique Roche            Carleton University, Canada

Professor Michael Brauer, ScD      University of British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Allison Kermode            Simon Fraser University, Canada

Professor Curtis Suttle, FRSC    University of British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Vanessa Schweizer        University of Waterloo, Canada

Brent J. Sinclair, Ph.D.         Western University, Canada

Dr. Myra J. Hird, FRSC        Queen’s University, Canada

Dr. David DeVidi                   University of Waterloo, Canada

Dr. Keith Gourlay,             University of British Columbia, Canada

Paul Bakker, M.A. C.E.         Social Impact Squared, Canada

Dr. Richard Léveillé            John Abbott College, McGill University, Canada
Dr. Mark CJ Stoddart            Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada

Dr. Robert Bailey             Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada

Dr. B. Jesse Shapiro            Université de Montréal, Canada

Dr. Philip Fralick               Lakehead University, Canada

Dr. Richard Larouche            University of Lethbridge, Canada

Dr. Matthew Osmond             University of California Davis, USA

Bill Riel                  First Vice President, Entomological Society of Canada

Michael Allchin BSc MSc        University of Northern British Columbia

Bruce Brandhorst, Ph.D.        Simon Fraser University, Canada

Dr. Sara E. Harris             University of British Columbia, Canada

Michael DelMastro, B.Sc.        University of Ottawa, Canada

Richard T.W. Arthur,
Professor Emeritus            McMaster University, Canada
Dr Jennifer Mitchell, PhD        University of Toronto, Canada
Dr, Abby Schwarz, Ph.D. (ret'd)    Langara College, Canada
Dr. Guergana Mileva            University of Ottawa, Canada

Dr. Geoff Clarke, PhD        University of Toronto, Canada

Dr. Sarah Simkin, MD,MSc        University of Ottawa, Canada
Brian Fisher, Professor        Simon Fraser University, Canada

Dr. Cora Skaien            University of British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Barbara Winter            Climate Research Division, Science and Technology Branch,   

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Professor Simon Dalby         Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada

Alireza Kamyabi             University of British Columbia, Canada

Alexander Wray, H.BES, DipEA     Western University, Canada

Matthew R. MacLeod, M.A.Sc.    President, RE Group, Professional Institute of the Public Service of 

Canada 

Prof. Matilde Bombardini        University of British Columbia, Canada

Sibeal McCourt, PhD student    McGill University, Canada

Tracy Brennand            Simon Fraser University, Canada

Dr. Marie-Josee Massicotte        Université d'Ottawa, Canada

Dr. Shoshanah Jacobs        University of Guelph, Canada

Dr. M. Alex Smith            University of Guelph, Canada

Dr. Noella Gray            University of Guelph, Canada

Dr. Greg King                University of Alberta, Canada

Dr. Joseph Shea            University of Northern British Columbia, Canada

Gregory Pohl               Biodiversity Researcher, Canada

Dr. Geoffrey Wall, 

Distinguished Professor Emeritus    University of Waterloo, Canada

Ryan Hutchins            University of Alberta, Canada

Dr. Amy Hurford,             Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada

Dr. Jose Sergio Hleap        McGill University, Canada

Dr. Jeffrey Kavanaugh        University of Alberta, Canada

Dr. Rana El-Sabaawi             University of Victoria, Canada

Professor Robert Smith        University of Ottawa, Canada

Dr. Craig Hawryshyn, Ph.D., Ret’d    Queen’s University, Canada

Luke Anderson-Trocmé, Phd St’d    McGill University, Canada

Edward Wiebe, MSc             University of Victoria, Canada

Dr. Jody Culham             Western University, Canada

Dr. Leticia Aviles, Professor        University of British Columbia, Canada

Professor Joanna Freeland        Trent University, Canada

Professor Serge-Étienne Parent, 

Engineer, Ph.D.            Université Laval, Canada

Haley Alcock, M.Sc student         McGill University, Canada

Sarah Friesen                University of Victoria, Canada

Prof. Michele Koppes         University of British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Ajay Parasram             Dalhousie University, Canada

Dr Martha Radice            Dalhousie University, Canada

Dr. John Bingham             Dalhousie University, Canada

Prof. Peter Abrams             University of Toronto, Canada

 

Dr. William Halliday            Associate Conservation Scientist, Wildlife Conservation                         Society of Canada

Ilana Judah                University of British Columbia, Canada

Maggie Xenopoulos            University of Alberta, Canada

Barbara Beasley, Ph.D.        Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre, Canada

Dr. John Cameron            Dalhousie University, Canada

Dr. Andrew Cameron            University of Regina, Canada

Islam Mohamed, MD          University of British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Daniel N. Anstett             University of British Columbia, Canada

Kathleen O’Grady, Res Assoc.    Concordia University, Canada

Paul Kushner, Researcher        University of Toronto, Canada

Dr. Rene Beyers            University of British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Fred Carden            Using Evidence Inc., Canada

Dr. Pierre Cormier            Université de Moncton, Canada

Dr. Laura Cowen             University of Victoria, Canada

Dr Marylène Boulet, PhD        Bishop's University, Canada

Dr Rebecca Thornhill            University of Ottawa, Canada

Megan Adams, PhD             University of Victoria, Canada

Professor Julia Baum            University of Victoria, Canada

Zachary Monteith, B.Sc.         Hakai Institute, Canada

Aadita Chaudhury, PhD cand.    York University, Canada

Wade VanderWright, BSc.          Simon Fraser University, Canada

Carrie Weekes, BSc.             Hakai Institute, Canada

Dr. John Munro            University of Birmingham, UK

Professor Daniel Coombs        University of British Columbia, Canada

Matt Miller, PhD student        University of Victoria, Canada

Dr. Brittany Carr             University of British Columbia, Canada

Meaghan Efford             University of British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Darrell J. Tomkins, Ph. D., 

Professor Emerita             University of Alberta, Canada

Jennifer Jackson, Ph.D.        Hakai Institute, Canada

Shea Wyatt, PhD Student        University of Victoria, Canada

Prof. Neal Madras, FRSC        York University, Canada

Dr Andrew Biro            Acadia University, Canada

Melissa Le Geyt, BA            University of Waterloo, Canada

Dr Natalie Ban             University of Victoria, Canada

David Feeny, PhD, 
Professor Emeritus             McMaster University and the University of Alberta                            Canada

Prof. Patricia Lakin-Thomas        York University, Canada

Dr. Brian Egan            University of British Columbia, Canada

Maeva Gauthier, MSc.        University of Victoria, Canada

Amalis Riera-Vuibert, MSc           University of Victoria, Canada 

Karine Lacroix             University of Victoria, Canada

Dr Jackson Chu               Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada

Dr Karina Top                Dalhousie University, Canada

Dr. Hisham Zerriffi            University of British Columbia, Canada

Evan Morien, MSc            University of British Columbia, Canada

Kalina Hunter, MSc            University of Victoria, Canada

Dr. Sean Godwin             Dalhousie University, Canada

Peter Kotanen, Professor        University of Toronto, Canada

Sara Wickham, MSc            University of Waterloo, Canada

Dr. Heather Bryan            University of Northern British Columbia, Canada

Dr Tanya Schmah            University of Ottawa, Canada

Mohsen Sadatsafavi, MD, PhD    University of British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Bridgette Clarkston        University of British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Dan Weaver            University of Toronto, Canada

Dr Loch Brown            University of British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Kathleen Aikens            Monash University, Australia

Lynne Quarmby, Ph.D        Simon Fraser University, Canada

Justin Singer, PhD Candidate    Carleton University, Canada

Matt McTaggart, MSc.        Royal Military College of Canada, Canada

Dr. Fred Bunnell            University of British Columbia, Canada

Mary-Kate Craig, PhD Student    University of Guelph, Canada

Guillaume Dury, Ph.D. Student     Indiana University Bloomington, USA

Dr. Diana Cordoba            Queen’s University, Canada

Dr. Wendy Burton            Ryerson University, Canada

Prof. Stan Houston            University of Alberta, Canada

Dr. Jeffrey C. Waller               Mount Allison University, Canada

Dr Denis Gilbert              Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Canada

Bev Fredborg, MA, PhD Student    Ryerson University, Canada

Dr. Amanda Giang            University of British Columbia, Canada

Helen Gerson, M.Sc.          Canada Border Services Agency, Canada

Dr. Lindsay Goodwin            Boston University, USA

Professor Ken Lertzman        Simon Fraser University, Canada

Professor Raymond J. Turner     University of Calgary, Canada

Professor Cary Brown         University of Alberta, Canada

Lacey Willmott, PhD Candidate     University of Waterloo, Canada

Dr. Stephen Ban            BC Ministry of Environment and Climate Change, Canada

Dr. Annie Lalancette            Saint Mary's University, Canada

Diana Canals, BSc.            University of British Columbia, Canada

Julian Gan, B.Sc            Hakai Institute, Canada

Dr. Jonathan Langdon        Canada Research Chair in Sustainability and Social Change 

Leadership, St. Francis Xavier University, Canada

Brian Noble, PhD            Dalhousie University, Canada

Dr. Emily B.J. Coffey             Concordia University, Canada

Prof. Damien Roy            Université d'Ottawa, Canada

Clayton Dasilva, PhD Candidate     University of Waterloo, Canada

Tahnne Prior, PhD Candidate     University of Waterloo, Canada

Dr. Shreyas Patankar            University of British Columbia, Canada

Jaylene Murray, PhD Candidate    University of Saskatchewan, Canada

Dr. Stephanie Waterman        University of British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Cole Burton            University of British Columbia, Canada

Ruth Digby, MSc.            University of Victoria, Canada

Eleanor Stephenson, PhD cand.    McGill University, Canada

Erin Foster, PhD Candidate        University of Victoria and Hakai Institute, Canada

Joel Ostblom, MSc.            University of Toronto, Canada

Tanya Tran, MSc Candidate        University of Victoria, Canada

Dr. Heather Short            John Abbott College, Canada

Prof Dr Chris Carlsten        University of British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Christian Levesque        John Abbott College, Canada

Dr. Chantel Kowalchuk        University of Toronto, Canada

Michael Williams, Facility Manager    University of British Columbia Antibody Lab, Canada

Andrew Elves, MSc. Cand.        University of Victoria, Canada

Libby Chisholm, MA Cand.        University of Victoria, Canada

Ben Verboom, DPhil Candidate    University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Rosemary Martin, PhD Candidate    University of Toronto Mississauga, Canada

Dr. Marcus Taylor            Queen’s University, Canada

Richard Bailey, Professor emeritus     University of Toronto, Canada

Dr. Arthur L. Fredeen            University of Northern British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Reuben Rose-Redwood        University of Victoria, Canada

Dr. Sara Edge                Ryerson University, Canada

Jean-Michel Régimbal, Ph. D.    John Abbott College, Canada

Dr. Catherine Nolin             University of Northern British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Stephan Koenig            University of British Columbia, Canada

Prof. Emer. John J. Cullen, FRSC.     Dalhousie University, Canada
Dr Philip Matthews, Professor     University of British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Jorge Filmus            University of Toronto, Canada

Dr. J. Gamble                University of Manitoba, Canada

Dr. Andrew Hagner            University of British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Maurice Lamontagne             Carleton University, Canada

Dr. Jennifer Klenz                University of British Columbia, Canada

Prof. Michael C. Mackey, FRSC    McGill University, Canada

Tiffany Jefkins, PhD Student            University of Toronto, Canada

Dr. Ben Brisbois            University of Northern British Columbia, Canada

Torrey Archer, BSc              University of Victoria, Canada

Michael Stainton, MSM            President, Lake Winnipeg Foundation
Michael R. Hughes, PhD        University of British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Michael Doebeli            University of British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Aaron Smith            University of Ottawa, Canada

Corrina Thomsen, MSc.        University of British Columbia Okanagan, Canada

Dr. Calden Wloka            York University, Canada

Dr. Julie Lee-Yaw            University of Lethbridge, Canada

Professor Carmel Mothersill        McMaster University, Canada

Professor Frithjof Lutscher        University of Ottawa, Canada

Dr. Candis Callison            University of British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Gunilla Öberg            University of British Columbia, Canada
Dr. Lynda Sturgeoff, Chemist     Oakville, Ontario, Canada

Professor Peter Campbell        Université du Québec, Canada

Matthew Schnurr, Assoc. Prof.    Dalhousie University, Canada

Dr. Holly Clermont             RP Biologist & Social Scientist, BC, Canada

Mark Hibbins, PhD student        Indiana University Bloomington, USA

Dr Solange Nadeau             Canadian Forest Service-Natural Resources Canada

Professor Greg Henry         University of British Columbia, Canada
Dr. Philip J. Burton            University of Northern British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Jesse McNichol            University of Southern California, USA
Christopher Pascoe, Assist Prof    University of Manitoba, Canada
Sydney C. Morgan, Ph.D.        University of British Columbia, Canada

Alessio Spassiani, M.Sc                  University of Queensland, Australia

Ralph Matthews, Ph.D.        University of British Columbia, Canada

Alina Fisher, PhD student         University of Victoria, Canada

Dr. Russell C. Wyeth            St. Francis Xavier University, Canada
Dr. Jane Watson            Vancouver Island University, Canada

Dr Mike Newman             University of Ottawa, Canada
Prof. David Bailey             University of Toronto, Canada
Allen Larocque, MSc.         University of British Columbia, Canada
Jinelle Piereder, PhD Candidate    University of Waterloo, Canada
Peter Hagar, BASc, MSc.         Environmental Engineer, Regina, Canada
Dr. Holly Witteman             Université Laval, Canada
James Knox, BSc,             Climate and public health researcher, Canada
Professor Jessica Theodor         University of Calgary, Canada
Dr. Emilie Huffman             Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Canada
Dr. Trevor Lantz             University of Victoria, Canada
Victor Lam                University of British Columbia, Canada
Professor Darren Irwin         University of British Columbia, Canada
Dr. Christopher Anand        McMaster University, Canada
Dr. Danielle Sexton             University of British Columbia, Canada
Dr. Geneviève Metson        Linköping University, Sweden

Dr. Brett Favaro            Memorial University of Newfoundland 

Lois Whitehead            Science Atlantic, Canada